The United Arab Emirates, host of last year's COP28 climate summit, and Azerbaijan and Brazil, the hosts of the next two UN climate summits, say they will team up to push for more ambitious goals on cutting carbon emissions.
The three countries were mandated by 198 signatories to the Dubai agreement to work together on a roadmap to limit global warming to 1.5C – a key climate goal that has been seriously threatened by global greenhouse gas emissions.
"The Troika helps ensure we have the collaboration and continuity required to keep the North Star of 1.5C in sight – from Baku to Belem and beyond," COP28 president Sultan Al Jaber said in a statement. "We cannot afford to lose momentum."
The target of containing global temperatures to 1.5C above preindustrial levels was set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement.
Taking into account current climate pledges, the world is still on track to warm between 2.5 and 2.9 degrees Celsius over this century, according to UN estimates.
Looking ahead to 2025
The main task for this year's COP29 summit in November in Baku, Azerbaijan, is to agree a new global target for climate finance for developing countries.
But some climate diplomats are already looking ahead to Brazil's summit in 2025 as the next major milestone for global climate diplomacy. Nearly 200 countries are required to submit updated national CO2-cutting pledges in time for COP30.
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