Defence, migration and the Green Deal: Key issues at stake in the EU elections

EU voters head to the polls on June 6-9 to elect the next European Parliament with the 27-member bloc facing a daunting set of challenges, including deep divisions over migration management, a backlash against climate change policies, and an overhaul of Europe’s defence industries spurred by the ongoing war in Ukraine.

Some 373 million voters across 27 countries are eligible to elect representatives in the European Parliament starting on Thursday, in the world’s second-largest exercise in democracy after the recent election in India.

Long regarded as the weakest of the EU’s three main institutions, the 720-member parliament has seen its powers increase in recent years, not least in shaping the all-important EU budget. Among its first tasks will be to confirm the 27 members of the European Commission, including its presidency, a position currently held by Ursula von der Leyen, who is running for a second term.

Read more2024 European Election Projections and Results

“There is thus a form of solidarity, since even states that do not directly send arms or munitions to Ukraine are indirectly participating by funding the FEP,” says Bernard.

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