Today in History, 13/3

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2017 - Sara Connor is sentenced to four years jail over the death of a Bali police officer

Highlights in history on this date:

1325 - Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, is founded.

1639 - America's famous Harvard University is named for clergyman John Harvard.

1781 - Sir William Herschel discovers Uranus.

1852 - Familiar symbol of the United States, Uncle Sam, makes his debut as a cartoon character in the New York Lantern.

1881 - Russia's Tsar Alexander II is assassinated and succeeded by Alexander III.

1906 - Death of Susan B Anthony, pioneer and leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States.

1943 - A plot to kill German leader Adolf Hitler ends in failure when a bomb planted by German officers on his plane fails to detonate.

1967 - Death of Sir Frank Worrell, West Indian cricket captain, who was knighted in 1964 for his contributions to the sport.

1969 - The Apollo 9 astronauts splash down, ending a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module.

1972 - Australian soap opera Number 96 is broadcast for the first time. Network Ten has promised it will be the night "Australian television loses its virginity".

1974 - Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris is inaugurated.

1982 - Richard Court, who later becomes WA premier, wins his father Sir Charles Court's old seat of Nedlands in a West Australian state by-election.

1991 - Exxon Corporation agrees to pay a $US100 million fine and more than $US900 million in civil damages in the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.

1993 - ALP led by Paul Keating defeats Liberal-National parties in a federal election upset attributed to the coalition's support of a Goods and Services Tax.

1996 - A gunman in Dunblane, Scotland, kills 16 children and a teacher before shooting himself.

1998 - Sydney businessman and Labor councillor Phuong Ngo is charged, along with two others, with the 1994 murder of NSW state Labor MP John Newman.

2001 - Afghanistan's ruling Taliban complete the destruction of two ancient statues of the Buddha in Bamiyan.

2011 - The estimated death toll from Japan's earthquake and tsunami climbs past 10,000 as authorities race to combat the threat of multiple nuclear reactor meltdowns.

2012 - Former News International executive Rebekah Brooks and her racehorse trainer husband Charlie are arrested in dawn raidsover the spreading UK phone-hacking scandal.

2013 - Jorge Mario Bergoglio, a Jesuit from Argentina, is elected pope, becoming the first pontiff from the Americas. He chooses the name Francis.

2014 - Brett Peter Cowan is found guilty of the 2003 abduction and murder of 13-year-old Sunshine Coast schoolboy Daniel Morcombe.

2015 - Cyclone Pam sweeps through Vanuatu, with winds reaching 250km/h, causing devastation and at least 16 deaths.

2017 - Australian woman Sara Connor is sentenced to four years jail over the death of a Bali police officer on Kuta Beach.

Today's Birthdays:

Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790); Mike Stoller, US songwriter (1933-2011); Neil Sedaka, US singer (1939-); George Negus, Australian journalist (1942-); Joe Bugner, Australian boxing champion (1950-); William H Macy, US actor (1950-); Mark Colvin, Australian journalist (1952-2017); Deborah Raffin, US actress (1953-2012); Dana Delany, US actress (1956-); Adam Clayton, Irish rock musician of U2 fame (1960-); Annabeth Gish, US actress (1971-); Emile Hirsch, American actor (1985-).

Thought For Today:

The history of the world is the verdict of the world. - Friedrich von Schiller, German author (1759-1805).